Key Questions

Framing Questions for the 1st and 2nd Midterms and Final Reflection

First Midterm Framing Questions:

  1. What was the nature of the political order established by the October Manifesto? Did this “Constitutional Experiment” set Russia on the course for progressive political reform and economic modernization (disrupted by World War I) or was the new order so flawed and the pressures on Imperial society so great that a more radical restructuring of politics was inevitable?
  2. What was the relative importance of immediate events, long-term social and economic developments, the crisis in political authority, and the stresses of the war to the revolutions of February and October, 1917?