Category: 2nd Weekly Edition

Civil Unrest Led to Government Instigated Pogroms

A ceremony at the Jewish cemetery in honor of an anniversary of the Russian Revolution of 1905, Dvinsk (now Daugavpils, Lat.), ca. 1910. The Yiddish and Russian banners honor “fallen comrades” and one Yiddish banner (second from left) reads, in

Sophia Maria Blog 2017-01-29 22:11:56

Bloody Sunday: Massacre to Manifesto 20th century Russia was full of bloodshed. Between the World Wars, revolutions, and purges brought on by Stalin, millions of Russian lives were lost. Though civil unrest in Russia had been simmering for hundreds of years, the grievances of the working class came to a boiling point at the turn …

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Yeah, (divine) Right!

Religion was used as a uniting factor between the Tsar and the Russian principalities in the formation of the Russian state and for centuries following. “The East Roman conception of the derivation of power from God, and its relationship with ecclesiastical authority” (Madariaga, 12) became essential to Russian leadership. It represented a religious relationship with … Continue reading Yeah, (divine) Right!

Vanguardism and the Revolution

In the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels theorized that the inevitable progression of society would lead through a path of feudalism, capitalism, socialism, and end in communism. In 1901, fifty-three years after the publication of the Communist Manifesto, social-democrats in Russia were reflecting on the nature of a revolution to achieve the next step … Continue reading Vanguardism and the Revolution

Father Gapon is Every Russian

By the turn of the 20th century, Tsar Nicholas II was beginning to see the limits of his autocratic rule. Not only was his military in the midst of an embarrassing defeat to the Japanese, but at home his own people were becoming increasingly displeased with Russia’s outdated government. There was a wide range of […]

Bloody Sunday

In January 1905, men, women, and children, marched on the Tsar’s Winter Pala However, the Tsar was not there and the march ended in the military shooting into the unarmed protesters, killing over a hundred unarmed people (Freeze 250-251). Out … Continue reading

Bloody Sunday: Did the Tsar Shoot Himself in the Foot?

On January 22, 1905 (January 9 in the old calendar) crowds of unarmed demonstrators marched toward the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. Mostly industrial workers and their families led by Orthodox priest Father Georgii Gapon, the demonstrators intended to bring a petition before Tsar Nicholas II. The petition called for extensive change; asking for wage … Continue reading “Bloody Sunday: Did the Tsar Shoot Himself in the Foot?”